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#511964 - 04/10/04 10:54 AM trouble with the beatles!
Delroy Offline
Member

Registered: 04/10/04
Posts: 3
im not sure if this is the right place to post this but it seemed the most appropriate.

hi, my name is Fabio, im 19 and studying a BTEC in music technology.

im currently doing an album analysis of SGT.Peppers.

everything is going well excelt i have been looking for the last week for an equipment list of what George Martin used and i cant find anything. i got some good suggestions from the sound on sound forums but i dont have any money to buy books so really it has got to be all net based.

i know this is asking abit much but im really in a jam and i have to hand this assignment in in 2 weeks.

if anybody could help a muso student bum, i would be most appreciative \:\) \:\)

thanks alot
Fabio

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#511965 - 04/10/04 11:11 AM Re: trouble with the beatles!
Thermionic Offline
Senior Member

Registered: 07/04/03
Posts: 107
Loc: London
This studio: http://www.toeragstudios.com/cover.html is not a million miles away from what Abbey Rd had in the '60s.

I believe Abbey Rd even have a "museum" studio with AC30s etc identical to the set-up the Beatles used, check their website: http://www.abbeyroad.co.uk/ click on the history link. I may be imagining the "museum" studio, I know there was one at some point, not sure if it's still there, I think it was a mock-up of what they had.

Beatles used: Telefunken V76M preamps into EMI REDD consoles (same as Toerag). They also managed to sync Studer 4-tracks together to get upwards of 8 tracks. Abbey Rd also had custom-built echo chambers, which I believe still exist today.

My brain is a bit foggy today, if I think of anything else I’ll post it here.

An idea would be to try the search function at this forum with the word “Motown”. Some of the Motown engineers visited Abbey Rd in the ‘60s and you often read references to A.R’s techniques in interviews with them, although Motown used different hardware. Also check out any Motown-related interviews on the ‘web.

Cheers,
Justin

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#511966 - 04/10/04 11:39 AM Re: trouble with the beatles!
Thermionic Offline
Senior Member

Registered: 07/04/03
Posts: 107
Loc: London
Some more info:

Small piece of info here:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/music/features/vinyl/19601969.shtml

Some history here, particularly relating to the fact that the TG solid-state mixers were not used by the Beatles until later LPs:

http://www.tgmixers.co.uk/Frames/frameset.html

J

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#511967 - 04/10/04 12:09 PM Re: trouble with the beatles!
Delroy Offline
Member

Registered: 04/10/04
Posts: 3
wow!!!!

thanks a bunch man thats exactly what i needed.

ive been arsing about the house tryin to do do this damn assignment for days now but that was the key ingredient i needed.

thnaks alot man!

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#511968 - 04/12/04 06:30 AM Re: trouble with the beatles!
Bryson Offline
Senior Member

Registered: 04/29/01
Posts: 336
Loc: Santa Barbara/Woodland Hills
The V72S (the "S" version made for EMI, having 40dB gain instead of 34) amps were used on the first couple of LPs (REDD-37 desk). After that (late '63 or early'64) the REDD 51, which used EMI's own REDD-47 tube amps, was installed in studio two. A REDD-37 remained in studio three.

REDD = Record Engineering Development Department.

The transistorized TG desk (with comp/limiters on each channel) was used for "Abbey Road", and the mixing of "let It Be". I believe those two albums were recorded on a 3M 1" 8 track, though "Come Together" started on a tube 4 track and was later transfered to the 8. The TG was also used for the more recent Anthology re-mixes.

Here's a shot of the 51 desk, with Altec comps in the background. Don't they all look pleased as Punch....


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#511969 - 04/12/04 01:56 PM Re: trouble with the beatles!
Tedly Nightshade Offline
MP Hall of Fame Member

Registered: 01/03/02
Posts: 4649
Loc: applegate,OR,UNITED STATES
Quote:
Originally posted by Bryson:
Don't they all look pleased as Punch....

You can tell they are THRILLED to be using such great gear!
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#511970 - 04/12/04 03:18 PM Re: trouble with the beatles!
halljams Offline
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Registered: 05/26/01
Posts: 2689
well, yoko is in the room..
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#511971 - 04/12/04 04:37 PM Re: trouble with the beatles!
Tedly Nightshade Offline
MP Hall of Fame Member

Registered: 01/03/02
Posts: 4649
Loc: applegate,OR,UNITED STATES
Quote:
Originally posted by halljams:
well, yoko is in the room..
yeah, it does seem like John is trying his best to make a day of it...
_________________________
A WOP BOP A LU BOP, A LOP BAM BOOM!

"There is nothing I regret so much as my good behavior. What demon possessed me that I behaved so well?" -Henry David Thoreau

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#511972 - 04/12/04 05:11 PM Re: trouble with the beatles!
rjghose@hotmail.com Offline
Member

Registered: 07/16/00
Posts: 27
Loc: Montreal, Quebec,,CANADA
Hi Fabio,

I actually wrote a similar paper last year. It was a comparitive analysis of Sgt. Pepper's and Pet Sounds. You can check it out at my website (http://www.reubenghose.com). It's in the "papers" section. Hopefully, you can find some useful information there. Also, check out the bibliography . . .there are some net sources there. Even though you can't afford books (I know . . . I'm a student too), you should check out your school or public libraries. I was able to find a lot of information there.

Also, go the http://www.theprojectstudiohandbook.com. In the "Mix Files" section, you'll find interview's with Geoff Emerick and George Martin.

Hope this helps,
Reuben

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#511973 - 04/12/04 05:21 PM Re: trouble with the beatles!
rjghose@hotmail.com Offline
Member

Registered: 07/16/00
Posts: 27
Loc: Montreal, Quebec,,CANADA
Sorry, I forgot to mention that the paper is about the technology used on the two albums and it's influence. That's why I think it would be useful to you.

Reuben

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#511974 - 04/12/04 05:38 PM Re: trouble with the beatles!
Philip O'Keefe Offline
10k Club

Registered: 12/17/00
Posts: 17674
Loc: Riverside,CA,UNITED STATES
Mics were usually Neumann U47's, U48's and KM56's, with AKG D19's and Coles 4038's on drums. Altec and Fairchild limiters were commonly used. I believe the 4 track machines were Studer J-37's. Reverb was normally via the chambers at Abbey road - no digital boxes back then. Tape echo was used quite a bit though, as was ADT and flanging - both also done with tape decks.

By American standards, the gear in use in England throughout the 1960's was a little behind the times, and compared to what we have available today... ;\) but that didn't stop them from making some incredible records.

Best of luck with your paper.
_________________________
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Sound Sanctuary Recording
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http://www.ssrstudio.com
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#511975 - 04/20/04 05:34 PM Re: trouble with the beatles!
Delroy Offline
Member

Registered: 04/10/04
Posts: 3
just to say thanks to everyone who posted..

you guys really got me out of a tight spot!
i went to a few bookshops and i couldnt find anything at all that was relevant which i was personally really shocked by.

anyway im just adding the finishing touches to the project now so yeah.....thanks a bunch.
ill be sure to start coming back to this forum in the future cos tbh i had no idea where i was when i arrived i just posted.

u guys are so much more helpful than sound on soundi really didnt get anything particularly concrete off them.

take it easy lads speak to yall soon!

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#511976 - 04/20/04 06:16 PM Re: trouble with the beatles!
Mats Olsson. Offline
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Registered: 07/12/00
Posts: 14459
Loc: Eskilstuna,,SWEDEN
Delroy, good luck on your project!

It would be intresting to read it when you're finished.
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What do we want? Procrastination!
When do we want it? Later!

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#511977 - 04/20/04 06:45 PM Re: trouble with the beatles!
Philip O'Keefe Offline
10k Club

Registered: 12/17/00
Posts: 17674
Loc: Riverside,CA,UNITED STATES
Ditto that - please let us know when it's done, and consider sharing it so we can check it out. \:\)
_________________________
Phil O'Keefe
Sound Sanctuary Recording
Riverside CA
http://www.ssrstudio.com
http://www.philokeefe.com
pokeefe777@ssrstudio.com
My New Forum on Harmony-Central

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#511978 - 04/20/04 07:33 PM Re: trouble with the beatles!
woodlakesound Offline
Senior Member

Registered: 11/07/01
Posts: 155
Loc: Woodland Hills, CA
Quote:
Originally posted by Ted Nightshade:
Quote:
Originally posted by Bryson:
Don't they all look pleased as Punch....

You can tell they are THRILLED to be using such great gear!
More like a drug induced coma

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#511979 - 04/20/04 07:45 PM Re: trouble with the beatles!
Philip O'Keefe Offline
10k Club

Registered: 12/17/00
Posts: 17674
Loc: Riverside,CA,UNITED STATES
John, how many time do I have to ask you to GET YOUR FEET OFF OF THE BOARD!?! ;\) \:D
_________________________
Phil O'Keefe
Sound Sanctuary Recording
Riverside CA
http://www.ssrstudio.com
http://www.philokeefe.com
pokeefe777@ssrstudio.com
My New Forum on Harmony-Central

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#511980 - 04/21/04 03:08 AM Re: trouble with the beatles!
andre t Offline
Senior Member

Registered: 09/07/02
Posts: 55
Loc: SSA/Brazil
Quote:
Originally posted by woodlakesound:
Quote:
Originally posted by Ted Nightshade:
Quote:
Originally posted by Bryson:
Don't they all look pleased as Punch....

You can tell they are THRILLED to be using such great gear!
More like a drug induced coma
John was into heavy drugs at that time: heroin and Yoko...
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andre t
Producer/Engineer

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#511981 - 04/21/04 05:58 AM Re: trouble with the beatles!
Bryson Offline
Senior Member

Registered: 04/29/01
Posts: 336
Loc: Santa Barbara/Woodland Hills
Quote:
Originally posted by andre t:
Quote:
Originally posted by woodlakesound:
Quote:
Originally posted by Ted Nightshade:
quote:
Originally posted by Bryson:
Don't they all look pleased as Punch....

You can tell they are THRILLED to be using such great gear!
More like a drug induced coma
John was into heavy drugs at that time: heroin and Yoko...
And Paul was thinking about his solo album.

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#511982 - 04/21/04 08:39 AM Re: trouble with the beatles!
natpub Offline
Senior Member

Registered: 11/25/03
Posts: 96
Loc: Austin, TX
Quote:
Originally posted by Bryson:
Don't they all look pleased as Punch....

I mean, God bless Yoko and all that, but man, what an obvious buzzkill.

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#511983 - 04/21/04 02:52 PM Re: trouble with the beatles!
Tedly Nightshade Offline
MP Hall of Fame Member

Registered: 01/03/02
Posts: 4649
Loc: applegate,OR,UNITED STATES
Quote:
Originally posted by natpub:
Quote:
Originally posted by Bryson:
Don't they all look pleased as Punch....

I mean, God bless Yoko and all that, but man, what an obvious buzzkill.
To be fair, the screwed up business dealings and contractual mess killed the buzz for good... that's what really brought these guys down and broke up the band.
_________________________
A WOP BOP A LU BOP, A LOP BAM BOOM!

"There is nothing I regret so much as my good behavior. What demon possessed me that I behaved so well?" -Henry David Thoreau

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#511984 - 04/22/04 11:06 AM Re: trouble with the beatles!
d gauss Offline
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Registered: 02/15/01
Posts: 3231
Loc: Somewhere in the Swamps of Jer...
don't listen to the myths posted above. the truth is, george martin and abbey road gear had NOTHING to do with sgt. pepper.

in reality, sgt. pepper was secretly recorded onto a 100 track digital recorder made out of spare TV and electric shaver parts by the beatles' electronics guru, "magic" alex mardas.

the beatles then spent the better part of a year with alex's "audio microscope and decorder ring" which allowed them to align each drum beat in exact time, and to perfectly tune each vocal note to pitch. (this device would subsequently be used with great success on yoko ono's solo recordings)

finally, "magic" alex employed his greatest invention, the "super distorto 2x4 dynamic disabler" for the mastering of the final mixes, and "bam", an audio classic was born.

and that folks, is how it really happened. \:\)

-d. gauss

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